These are the most common mistakes made in reviewing social science research literature. A literature review's purpose is to gather all the available sources related to your paper’s topic in one place and evaluate them. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1998; Jesson, Jill. Your interpretation of the available sources must be backed up with evidence [citations] that demonstrates that what you are saying is valid. “Do Literature Review Skills Transfer from One Course to Another?”, Randolph, Justus J. Los Angeles, CA: SAGE, 2016; Ridley, Diana. The bibliography or reference section of sources you've already read are also excellent entry points into your own research. Should I summarize, synthesize, or critique sources by discussing a common theme or issue? A literature review is more than a summary of past research or an annotated bibliography. A literature review summarizes and synthesizes the existing scholarly research on a particular topic. A literature review, like a term paper, is usually organized around ideas, not the sources themselves as an annotated bibliography would be organized. “A Guide to Writing the Dissertation Literature Review.". 5. define key concepts and ideas. Here are examples of other sections you may need to include depending on the type of review you write: Once you've settled on how to organize your literature review, you're ready to write each section. Doing a Literature Review: Releasing the Social Science Research Imagination. Common in the social and physical sciences, but also sometimes required in the humanities, a literature review is a summary of past research in your subject area. A methodological approach focuses on the methods utilized by the researcher. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 2005; Hart, Chris. The Writing Center. A review of the literature in a discipline is not the same as an annotated bibliography of sources, though an annotated bibliography can be a type of literature review. Conducting Research Literature Reviews: From the Internet to Paper. Theoretical Review Often this form is used to help establish a lack of appropriate theories or reveal that current theories are inadequate for explaining new or emerging research problems. Use Caution When Paraphrasing "Literature Reviews, Conceptual Frameworks, and Theoretical Frameworks: Terms, Functions, and Distinctions." 2nd ed. Narrative review also draws conclusions about the topic and identifies gaps or inconsistencies in a body of knowledge. A literature review is a critical analysis of the literature, or research, related to a specific topic or research question. For the Internet in American presidential politics project, one methodological approach would be to look at cultural differences between the portrayal of American presidents on American, British, and French websites. Consider Whether Your Sources are Current It is a summary and synopsis of a particular area of research, allowing anybody reading the paper to establish why you are pursuing this particular research. Analysis and interpretation -- discussing the findings and conclusions of pertinent literature. This type of literature review is primarily applied to examining prior research studies in clinical medicine and allied health fields, but it is increasingly being used in the social sciences. This approach helps highlight ethical issues which you should be aware of and consider as you go through your own study. Systematic Approaches to a Successful Literature Review. Here are several strategies you can utilize to assess whether you've thoroughly reviewed the literature: Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J. and Rebecca Frels. vol. , For a focused scientific review with pre-defined methodology, see, "Writing Narrative Literature Reviews for Peer-Reviewed Journals: Secrets of the Trade", "To save the research literature, get rid of the literature review", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Literature_review&oldid=992673498, Articles needing expert attention with no reason or talk parameter, Articles needing unspecified expert attention, Articles needing expert attention from May 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 14:28. summarize scientifically all of the research about a clearly defined research problem, Baumeister, Roy F. and Mark R. Leary. For instance, you could order a review of literature on environmental studies of brown fields if the progression revealed, for example, a change in the soil collection practices of the researchers who wrote and/or conducted the studies. Use Quotes Sparingly to illustrate key points? Look for repeating patterns in the research findings, Look at sources the authors cite to in their work. Los Angeles, CA: Sage, 2016; Sutton, Anthea. Liberty University; Literature Reviews. In a more simple term, literature reviews are surveys of literature books, articles and other sources that help give a detailed insight on the theories and concepts regarding a research topic. In your literature review, you should: 1. clarify your understanding of the field. 3. Literature reviews are written occasionally in the humanities but mostly in the sciences and social sciences. Use Evidence A literature review is a comprehensive summary of previous research on a topic. Problem formulation -- which topic or field is being examined and what are its component issues? A literature review is a critical and in depth evaluation of previous research. A dissertation is your final piece of art, then a literature review is one of your best drafts which can be not so good-looking but without it you can’t reach the desired results. Most often associated with academic-oriented literature, such reviews are found in academic journals and are not to be confused with book reviews, which may also appear in the same publication. Simple - A simple literature review is a brief overview of the topic not necessarily purely academic in scope and often uses popular sources (although popular sources are noted so their weight and value can be judged) this review is often just the start of the research process. Sources in your literature review do not clearly relate to the research problem; You do not take sufficient time to define and identify the most relevent sources to use in the literature review related to the research problem; Relies exclusively on secondary analytical sources rather than including relevant primary research studies or data; Uncritically accepts another researcher's findings and interpretations as valid, rather than examining critically all aspects of the research design and analysis; Does not describe the search procedures that were used in identifying the literature to review; Reports isolated statistical results rather than synthesizing them in chi-squared or meta-analytic methods; and. A literature review provides a reader with a comprehensive look at previous discussions prior to the one the reviewer will be making in his/her own research paper, thesis, or dissertation. Historical literature reviews focus on examining research throughout a period of time, often starting with the first time an issue, concept, theory, phenomena emerged in the literature, then tracing its evolution within the scholarship of a discipline. Usually, a literature review can be described as an objective, concise, and critical summary of published research literature pertinent to the subject being researched in an article. Order your sources by publication chronology, then, only if the order demonstrates a more important trend. Reveal any gaps that exist in the literature. However, note that they can also introduce problems of bias when they are used to make summary claims of the sort found in systematic reviews [see below]. Locate your own research within the context of existing literature [very important]. While the literature review presents others' ideas, your voice [the writer's] should remain front and center. Literature reviews are a basis for research in nearly every academic field. Given this, while literature reviews are designed to provide an overview and synthesis of pertinent sources you have explored, there are a number of approaches you could adopt depending upon the type of analysis underpinning your study.  Shields and Rangarajan (2013) and Granello (2001) link the activities of doing a literature review with Benjamin Bloom’s revised taxonomy of the cognitive domain (ways of thinking: remembering, understanding, applying, analyzing, evaluating, and creating). The Literature Review: A Step-by-Step Guide for Students. A well-done integrative review meets the same standards as primary research in regard to clarity, rigor, and replication. AANA Journal, 78(6). Give a new interpretation of old material or combine new with old interpretations. Thinking interdisciplinarily about a research problem can be a rewarding exercise in applying new ideas, theories, or concepts to an old problem. Fourth edition. Roughly how many sources should I include? 2. However, progression of time may still be an important factor in a thematic review. The Literature Review: A Step-by-Step Guide for Students. Select only the most important points in each source to highlight in the review. A literature review is a survey of scholarly sources that provides an overview of statement or the study’s goals or purpose. Other Sections of Your Literature Review Identify areas of prior scholarship to prevent duplication of effort. A literature review or narrative review is a type of review article. to conduct research, literature reviews can give you an overview or act as a stepping stone. A literature can be an end in itself (an analysis of what is known about a topic) or a prologue to and rationale for engaging in primary research. You can also use this method to explore what is considered by scholars to be a "hot topic" and what is not. In the literature review, you will look at the work … What methods have they used to study the problem? Only includes research that validates assumptions and does not consider contrary findings and alternative interpretations found in the literature. Trace the intellectual progression of the field, including major debates, Depending on the situation, evaluate the sources and advise the reader on the most pertinent or relevant research, or. Offers detailed guidance on how to develop, organize, and write a college-level research paper in the social and behavioral sciences. "Writing Narrative Literature Reviews." In these cases, the lit review just needs to cover scholarship that is important to the issue you are writing about; sometimes it will also cover key sources that informed your research methodology. A literature review can be a part of a research paper or scholarly article, usually falling after the introduction and before the research methods sections. "Writing Narrative Literature Reviews.". Methodological Literature search -- finding materials relevant to the subject being explored. A literature review is about reviewing the work of others who have done something in this field you are researching. Practical Assessment, Research, and Evaluation. :193–229 The process of reviewing the literature is often ongoing and informs many aspects of the empirical research project. Is there an aspect of the field that is missing? The purpose of an integrative literature review is to generate new knowledge on a topic through the process of review, critique, and then synthesis of the literature under investigation. A literature review is a scholarly paper that presents the current knowledge including substantive findings as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. , The main types of literature reviews are: evaluative, exploratory, and instrumental. It provides an overview of current knowledge, allowing you to identify relevant theories, methods, and gaps in the existing research. While the study focuses on one topic, the Internet’s impact on American presidential politics, it will still be organized chronologically reflecting technological developments in media. "Writing Integrative Literature Reviews: Guidelines and Examples." Literature reviews are a form of academic writing commonly used in the sciences, social sciences, and humanities. It also provides a framework and focus for your proposed research. 4. Historical Review The research paper will be based on the analysis and interpretation of this data. However, when writing a review in the social sciences, a survey of the history of the literature may be required. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE, 2014. Systematic Review Cook, Kathleen E. and Elise Murowchick. Conducting Research Literature Reviews: From the Internet to Paper. By Publication Here are some of the ways it has been described: (Manalo & Trafford, 2004, p. 45) (Clare & Hamilton, 2003, p. 8) (Bell, 1999, p. You don’t want to substitute a thorough review of core research literature in your discipline for studies conducted in other fields of study. Occasionally you will be asked to write one as a separate assignment (sometimes in the form of an annotated bibliography —see the bottom of the next page), but more often it is part of the introduction to an essay, research report, or thesis. †The literature review is a critical discussion and summary of statistical literature that is of ‘general’ and ‘specialized’ relevance to the particular area and topic of the research problem in statistics. PS: Political Science and Politics 39 (January 2006): 127-132; Ridley, Diana. It does not report original research. For example, a book surveying the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict may include a chapter on the role Egypt has played in mediating the conflict, or look in the index for the pages where Egypt is mentioned in the text. 1. Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper, Practical Assessment, Research, and Evaluation, The Literature Review: A Few Tips On Conducting It. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1998; Kennedy, Mary M. "Defining a Literature." When paraphrasing a source that is not your own, be sure to represent the author's information or opinions accurately and in your own words. 2nd ed. 4. evaluate the results of previous research. Los Angeles, CA: Sage Publications, 2016. In what ways might geographers view the need for better distribution of social service agencies in large cities than how social workers might study the issue? These reviews not only help to establish trust with readers, but … A literature review may consist of simply a summary of key sources, but in the social sciences, a literature review usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis, often within specific conceptual categories. The Oxford Handbook of Interdisciplinarity. For example, weave references to other sources into what you are writing but maintain your own voice by starting and ending the paragraph with your own ideas and wording. Why is it so important? The only difference here between a "chronological" and a "thematic" approach is what is emphasized the most: the role of the Internet in presidential politics. Definition. For example, what might cultural anthropologists say about the continuing conflict in the Middle East? Thinking interdisciplinarily about a research problem can be a rewarding exercise in applying new ideas, theories, or concepts to an old problem. 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