Here are five areas into which the class discussion of language planning and language policy will be divided. Seeing Language and Acting on it To the dominant sections of society language is virtually invisible. List several of Fasold's language functions and identify the attributes of each. It presents papers that deal with the widest range of cases, situations and regions. 1, pp. pp. 2.to pursue the language policy most supportive of general conceptual growth amongst learners, and hence to establish additive multilingualism as an approach to language in education; 3.to promote and develop all the official languages; 4.to support the teaching and learning of all other languages required by learners or used by communities in South Africa, including languages … This article closely examines one of these texts, the Middle English prose Brut , and its source, and argues that contact influence is the most plausible explanation for its distinct behaviour with respect to object pronoun placement. Status policies are either prohibitory, permissive, or supportive, several examples of each (and compromises between them) being given along a time-line extending from the French Revolution to today. It is also shown that the translator does not slavishly follow his source and that the contact effects are mainly of the statistical type in that word orders occurring very marginally in other texts appear with high frequencies in the Brut while such a contrast is not found for a word order that is unattested elsewhere. The abstract for this document is available on CSA Illumina.To view the Abstract, click the Abstract button above the document title. 103-114 As New Zealand educators are increasingly expected to incorporate te reo into the classroom, this article explores the challenges that they face in achieving this goal, including those related to their sociolinguistic identities and micro-policies in the classroom. --Bank Street College of Education, New York, 1992. knowledge, as gained through the language mapping activities. Language Policy . I In schools, the result was an imposition of English language and Anglo culture on minorities, which goes back to the deculturation of American Indians through the system of English-only boarding schools. We anchor our arguments in a case study of a Uyghur youth, Alim, in China whose Putonghua learning trajectory is traced as he moves across several cities over the span of 16 years. A History of Potawatomi Language Planning and Policy: Education Funding from 1819 to 1848 This paper investigates how the Potawatomi Nation planned education through funding sources and policies starting with the 1819 Civilization Fund Act to the last attendance of Potawatomi students at the Choctaw Academy in 1848. Language policies are expressions of a long-lasting ‘linguistic culture—i.e., of the cultural myths and cultural values pertaining to the types of linguistic accommodations, programs, and efforts that are in accord with the brunt of local historical experience and aspiration (Schiffman 1996). Language functions and language problems . English plays a key role in each and is being actively promoted. (2017). It begins by describing the origins of the term LP and some of the goals of the activity. History of language Planning and Policy • Language planning and policy was revitalized again mostly after the newly independent states, in the post-colonial era, needed to reconstruct their identity (including language) in a context of multi- ethno-linguistic diverse populace. The findings of this article show that translation-induced contact and, possibly, contact in bilingual language use more generally can have important quantitative effects and that these have to be seriously considered in any syntactic analysis of historical texts based on a foreign source text. The ecology-of-language paradigm involves building on linguistic diversity worldwide, promoting multilingualism and foreign language learning, and granting linguistic human rights to speakers of all languages. Abstract Introduction This section contains a brief overview of the field of language planning (LP). The reassertion of national languages: language policy and nation building in the Baltic States. Neustupný (1994:50) characterised planning as a process that begins with the discursive construction of language problem and ends with their discursive resolution. In some African states, the costs (monetary, human, and temporal) of civil war, rapidly varying commodity prices, human resources shortages, the AIDS epidemic, etc.) McCarty's theoretical framework provides a resource for understanding how language policy shapes … Some scholars such as Joshua A. Fishman and Ofelia Garcia consider it as part of sociolinguistics. Language Planning and Policy Werner Kummer with Stephan Gramley Every planned intervention by a subnational, national, or supranational political organization which is directed toward the otherwise unregulated development of a language or any of its varieties can be regarded as an act of language planning and language policy. Identify some of the more important language … This chapter draws on critical perspectives on language policy and planning and language-in-education policy implementation framework to provide an overview of the history of English language education policies, policy implementation and their outcomes in Bangladesh. The field of language planning and policy (LPP) is concerned with the policies both explicit and implicit that influence what languages are spoken when, how, and by whom, as well as the values and rights associated with those languages. disengagement with this issue. Language policy consists of the authoritative allocation of resources to language and pertains either to the status or the corpus of the language for which policy is designed. Ed.) Discusses the problems of language policy and planning in terms of past history. The field of language planning and policy (LPP) is concerned with the policies both explicit and implicit that influence what languages are spoken when, how, and by whom, as well as the values and rights associated with those languages. linguistic repertoires, a lack of pedagogical guidance can result in Formulation, Codification, Elaboration, and Implementation. in: Jahr, E.H. Language Policy and Language Planning in Post-Colonial Mozambique. Abstract | Full Text | References | PDF (1758 KB) | Permissions 167 Views; 0 CrossRef citations; Altmetric; Article. singular zero was already in use in Norwich and elsewhere in Norfolk by the time when Dutch- and French-speaking immigrants arrived in Norwich. A History of Potawatomi Language Planning and Policy: Education Funding from 1819 to 1848 This paper investigates how the Potawatomi Nation planned education through funding sources and policies starting with the 1819 Civilization Fund Act to the last attendance of Potawatomi students at the Choctaw Academy in 1848. These factors combined impact the presence of te reo Māori in the modern New Zealand English classroom and the ability for co-construction of identity in the teaching-learning space. More recently, Tollefson (2002:5) has called on researchers to pay more attention to how policies mobilise public opinion, and Lo Bianco (2009:103) has highlighted how public texts, as constituents of performative action, shape social alignments behind policies. Language, as described above, is species-specific to human beings. Language planning and policy should be a deterrent factor in preventing the disappearance of indigenous languages in the course of human history. Language Policy in the former Soviet Union . Racialized Language, Historical Sociolinguistics, Neurolinguisitcs, Language Contact and Sprachbünde, Language Planning and Policy, Mother-Tongue Education, Sociphonetics, Social Equity, Critical Race Theory, Cultural and Media Studies, Discursive Psychology, Language Ideologies, Entextualization It traces the factors that have influenced the policies, … Apply these functions to compare English and Spanish in the US. Introduction: language policy and planning in Deaf communities Language policies represent a kind of social intervention in a community. Whatever these broader educational goals, their effective attainment requires policymaking, planning and management that will serve them well and … 4. 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